Egypt is located in the northern part of Africa. The Mediterranean Sea is to its north and the Red Sea is to the east of Egypt. The first people who settled in Egypt were farmers. They settled along the Nile River around 5000 B.C. The Nile River flows into the Mediterranean Sea. Egypt's climate is dry and hot. The area received little rainfall and the region was mainly desert. However, the Nile River would flood each year, creating fertile planting grounds and allowing the ancient Egyptians to grow their crops. The ancient Egyptians also built the Great Pyramids, which are still standing today. The pyramids were built as burial places for the pharaohs of Ancient Egypt. They used Hieroglyphics as a form of writing. Hieroglyphics used pictures instead of the text we use today. They made paper from papyrus. The ancient Egyptians also invented the 365-day calendar and the clock, inventions which are still used today.
China is located on the continent of Asia. In fact, it is the largest country entirely in Asia. China has the largest population of any country in the world. The land contains deserts, forests, mountains, and hills. The climate in China is seasonal and different across different areas of China, just like it is here in the United States. The ancient Chinese adapted to their environment by fishing and farming for food and by irrigating the land to help their crops grow. The ancient Chinese used characters and symbols in their written language. The Great Wall of China is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in, built, rebuilt, and maintained between the 5th century BC and the 16th century to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire. It is the longest man-man structure in the world, stretching over 4,000 miles. Much of it is still standing today. Many inventions of the ancient Chinese are still in use today, such as kites, silk cloth, the compass, bronze, and fireworks.
How well can you translate ancient writing? Click the following links:
Hieroglyphics - use this chart to help you translate the message in the link below.
Secret Message - can you uncover the secret message written in Hieroglyphics? Can you write your name in Hieroglyphics?
Calligraphy - use this chart to help you draw symbols representing the members of your family.
Ancient Egypt and Ancient China Jeopardy!
Click here to download the Ancient Egypt and Ancient China Jeopardy game! NOTE: This is a .zip file that must be downloaded and unzipped on your computer. Once you unzip the folder and double-click the jeopardy.exe file (click "run" if prompted). Type ancient where it says "type game name here," then click "Load File." Then click "Go Play." You can play with up to 5 teams and keep score right on the screen. Have fun!
Championship Certificate - download this word document, add the names of the Jeopardy winners, print, and display!!
Don't forget to click the links on the left to visit sites with more information about Ancient Egypt and Ancient China and to play some really cool review games!